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Types of Mental Disorders

A mental disorder adversely effects how a person feels, thinks, acts, or perceives. There are many types of mental disorders that people suffer from. Treatment varies depending upon both the type of disorder and the individual. The following are common categories of mental disorders:
Types of Mental Disorders

1. Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is defined as an apprehensive uneasiness of mind. It is considered a normal reaction to a stressor, but when anxiety becomes overwhelming and distressing it may be classified as a disorder. Common anxiety disorders include phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

2. Mood Disorders

A disorder of the mood affects a person’s daily emotional state. People normally feel sad or irritable from time to time, but a mood disorder can make each day difficult. Traits of major depression disorder are persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. Bipolar disorder is characterized by its highs and lows, or manic and depressive episodes.

3. Eating Disorders

Abnormal eating habits can involve either an insufficient or excessive food intake. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are three common eating disorders. These disorders are extremely detrimental to an individual’s physical and mental health.

4. Personality Disorders

Our personality’s have been formed from both nature and nurture, and influence our interactions, behaviors, and thoughts. Personality disorders are characterized by rigid personality traits, which can impair the ability to function in everyday situations. They are difficult to treat, because of the pervasiveness of personality traits. Antisocial and borderline are two common personality disorders.

5. Addiction

Addictions are disorders of craving, and are defined as the continued use of a mood altering substance or behavior despite consequences. They are often linked to another mental disorder, or are a response to a difficult life stressor. Common addictions are drug abuse, exercise addiction, sexual addiction, and gambling.

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